Modelling Exposure Through Earth Observation Routines

METEOR Project Consortium

The British Geological Survey (BGS)

Part of the Natural Environment Research Council, has extensive experience in mapping and modelling multiple natural hazards and associated risks. It works globally, and is currently engaged in many ODA countries (including Nepal and Tanzania) as part of its Global Challenges Research Framework (GCRF) commitment. It has extensive experience in developing international agreements (e.g. providing the lead of the Science and Technology Group for the UN Sendai Framework) and currently provides the Secretariat to the Global Volcano Model. With GEM it is co-leading the GFDRR – World Bank Global Facility for Disaster Risk Reduction (GFDRR) and Department for International Development (DfID) supported Challenge Fund on Natural Hazards. The EO Team develops DRM solutions and frequently responds to geohazard events including as project managers of the UN International Charter Space and Major Disasters. BGS is an accredited Investor in People, has achieved the ISO 9001:2008 quality management system, and attained Bronze Athena Swan status.


Helps government agencies, research organisations, multi-lateral donors, and humanitarian organisations prepare for and respond to natural and manmade disasters including earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, and technological perils. Its exposure development research efforts have been supported by NSF, GEM, NASA, Innovate UK, and the Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research. It has helped UNICEF, governments, GFDRR, NGOs, and insurance/reinsurance clients, including UNITAR, Australia-Indonesia Facility for Disaster Reduction, Lloyds of London, Guy Carpenter, RMS, AIR Worldwide, and USAID meet their exposure development and risk modelling needs. ImageCat is headquartered in the U.S. and has been trading in the UK since 2006, focusing on the Lloyd’s insurance market.

The Global Earthquake Model (GEM) Foundation

Is a UN recognized NGO which calculates and communicates earthquake risk worldwide. Its regional programmes have developed exposure data and assessed human and economic losses, and its global risk modelling, including the development or improvement of global exposure datasets for the residential, commercial and industrial building portfolio, now supports risk assessment for other perils beyond earthquakes. GEM supports global capacity building and training in data collection and risk assessment annually and encourages the sharing of information and experiences between public, private, non-governmental and academic institutions.

National Society for Earthquake Technology (NSET)

Is Nepal's foremost institution working on earthquake risk management, supporting science, engineering and technology to mitigate risk. NSET focuses on information dissemination, knowledge transfer, advocacy, networking, capacity building and institutionalization2. NSET maintains Nepal’s disaster database which covers the data of events, losses and impacts of all hazard types, since 1971. NSET have partner organisations in Nepal including the Disaster Management Committee, Kathmandu University, Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare, and Nepal Red Cross Society.

The Disaster Management Department

DMD - Prime Minister's Office of Tanzania acts as the central planning, coordinating and monitoring institution for prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response and post-disaster recovery for all disaster risks. It formulates DRM policies and plans, including early warning systems and emergency operation and communication centres. It is responsible for promoting education, knowledge and IT in disaster management for public awareness. It works with several METEOR partners and specialists in Ardhi University and the University of Dar Es Salaam to develop open databases that store exposure and hazard information. DMD will ensure that METEOR outcomes are fit-for-purpose and used in DRM.

The Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (HOT)

Will contribute towards the open global exposure data repository framework for multi-hazard risk assessment through their expertise developing the OpenStreetMap (OSM) data and community-led projects and technical skills with open data platforms (Tasking Manager, Export Tool and OpenAerialMap). HOT works globally to build local mapping capacity; OSM is a great source of geospatial exposure baseline data for many cities, especially in poorly mapped emerging economies. HOT, in partnership with the American Red Cross, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the Hewlett Foundation and the Humanitarian Innovation Fund, has worked in many ODA countries and has a strong presence in Tanzania and Nepal. The former with a local mapping initiative (Ramani Huria) in collaboration with GFDRR.

Oxford Policy Management Limited (OPM)

Helps policy makers design and implement sustainable reforms for reducing social and economic disadvantage in low-income countries through rigorous cross-sectoral analysis, policy advice, management and training services. OPM’s Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) team, including experts in climate change and DRM, will oversee the design and implementation of the project’s M&E. OPM has undertaken over 170 M&E projects in more than 50 countries, and has country offices in Tanzania and Nepal.


Provides innovative flood modelling and analytics, based on extensive flood risk research. Fathom flood products and expertise are targeted to meet client needs across the insurance, engineering, resource development and international aid sectors. Fathom-Global products have a 3-arc second resolution; their data cover fluvial (riverine) and pluvial (flash-flood) perils are provided both with and without flood defences.